Crystal Island

Building Name -: Crystal Island

Location           -: Moscow, Russia

Architect          -: Norman Foster (firm name-:Foster and Partners)

Year of Start     -: Upcoming (proposed in 2008)

Description      -:

  • Located on the Nagatino Peninsula, edged by the Moscow River, it is located only 7.5 km from the Kremlin, and offers panoramic views over Moscow from a viewing platform at its apex.
  • This building is planned to have around 2,500,000 square meters (27,000,000 square ft) of floor space and a height of 450 meters (1,476 ft).
  •  At these dimensions upon completion it would be the largest structure (in floor space) on earth.
  • The structure conceived as a self-contained city within a city will house theatres, exhibition spaces, retail and catering businesses, 3,000 hotel rooms, 900 serviced apartments and a school for 500 students. There will also be two public viewing platforms, one at 150m and another at 300m.
  • The building’s spiraling form emerges majestically from a newly landscaped park, rising in converse directions to form a diagonal grid.

crystal_island4

  • The exterior facade will be solar responsive and will include solar panels which, along with wind turbines, will generate electricity for the huge tower.
  • Natural ventilation will be provided thanks to numerous strategically placed large atriums.
  • The internal environment will also have dynamic enclosure panels slotted into the structural framing that will allow daylight to penetrate deep into the heart of the structure; the panels will also be controlled to modify temperature inside the building – closed in winter for extra warmth and opened in summer to allow natural ventilation.
  • Energy management is at the heart of this structure, several on-site renewable and low-carbon energy generation projects are planned.

 

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